Animal research papers
However, it does tell nothing about the health of humans in consideration of the relationship with the disease (“animal experimentation,” n. Obvious and subtle differences between humans and animals in terms of our physiology, anatomy, and metabolism make it difficult to apply data derived from animal studies to human conditions.
Research paper on animals
Animal testing in research labs is outdated due to advances in technology that do not require the use of animals. Since death is the required endpoint, dying animals are not put out of their misery by euthanasia" (154).
The awa- animal welfare act- provides limitations on which animals institutions and scientists can use. The ethicists who endorse this position do not mean that animals are entitled to the very same treatment as humans; arguing that animals should have the right to vote or hold office is clearly absurd.
This reflects a belief in a hierarchy of moral standing with more complex animals at the top and microorganisms and plants at the bottom. They generally use this claim as the cornerstone of an argument that the benefits to humans from animal experimentation outweigh or “make up for” the harm done to animals.
Accordingly, potential animal rights violations are outweighed by the greater human benefits of animal is a middle ground for those who feel uncomfortable with animal experimentation, but believe that in some circumstances the good arising out of experimentation does outweigh harm to the animal. When animals are used for product toxicity testing or laboratory research, they are subjected to painful and frequently deadly experiments.
Although humans often benefit from successful animal research, the pain, the suffering, and the deaths of animals are not worth the possible human benefits. Animals feel pain in many of the same ways that humans do; in fact, their reactions to pain are virtually identical (both humans and animals scream, for example).
Those animals’ lives are just as important as a human life and the lack of respect for these intelligent creatures is astonishing. Animal research, or animal testing, is the use of animals in scientific researches to study and develop drugs for the life-taking diseases that human beings contract.
In fact,95% of animals are not protected by federal animal welfare act[awa] in experiments(the hastings center). A reasonable viewpoint, we believe, is for investigators and institutions using animals to explore and implement nonanimal methods with all due haste and without limit, recognizing that in some cases the practical challenges inherent in doing so are should continue and expand collaborative efforts to address the need for alternatives to animal use.
Animals are frequently used in biological and medical research, in the testing of drugs and commercial products, and in educational exercises in the sciences. As long as man has existed he has been carnivorous, and the same holds true for many other species of animals.
Some of these animals are subjects for medical research purposes, while others are used out of pure curiosity and to test different products. Animals should be treated with respect and dignity, and this right to decent treatment is not upheld when animals are exploited for selfish human gain.
All over the planet, animals are locked in cages, away from their habitat and against their will, in testing laboratories where they just seat defenseless and in fear for the unknown. While animal tests leave much to be desired as means of identifying drug-related risks, no alternative test methods are yet acceptable to the food and drug administration for many toxicology these cases, the most appropriate course of action is neither to assume that nonanimal methods will be easily produced nor to be resigned to the continued use of animals.
Since 1850, the awa protected about 1,134,693 animals, but has left about 25 million other animals to be scientifically and commercially used. For centuries now, the principles of anatomy and physiology have been proved to be true in many cases for humans as well as for animals.
Others argue that while it is wrong to unnecessarily abuse animals, animal experimentation must continue because of the enormous scientific resource that animal models provide. 2005 in this essay frey puts forth a view where animals do matter, but human welfare is considered more , tom.
Government, the army and air force in particular, has designed and conducted many animal experiments.... There are nearly 26 million animals in the united states who are tested for commercial and scientific use.
Human and animal testing agrees only five-twenty five percent of the time, according to the huntington life sciences (1). All of these tests have been proven to be useful and reliable alternatives to testing products on live animals.