Hiv aids literature review

The elderly should be educated about hiv transmission and prevention strategies so that they can inform the younger grandchildren they care for and protect themselves during their caring. When the children eventually die, grandparents endure the trauma of the loss of family members and have to cope with the stigma associated with hiv and aids (helpage international 2003), even long after the death of their children. 2004, ‘hiv/aids and older people’, 15th international conference on aids, bangkok, thailand, 11−16th rodriguez, c.

Literature review on hiv

In sub-saharan africa, where millions are projected to be infected with hiv and about two million deaths are recorded annually amongst the traditionally productive adults, such loss of parents and breadwinners means children and the elderly have had to take up unusual responsibilities. It is based on the above impacts found in the literature that the above recommendations are suggested for the elderly, the community, and author declare that she have no financial or personal relationship(s) which may have inappropriately influenced her in writing this , m. A literature review on the elderly and hiv and aids provided the data analysed for this article.

The following questions are addressed: what are the challenges faced by the elderly as a result of hiv and aids in the african community; and how do hiv and aids impact on the role of the elderly in sub-saharan african communities? Many elderly persons are shouldering vital caring responsibilities for loved ones living with hiv and grandchildren orphaned by aids, which is a common practice in most african communities. 2011, ‘a literature review of the impact of hiv and aids on the role of the elderly in the sub-saharan african community’, health sa gesondheid 16(1), art.

The literature shows that the economic impact of hiv and aids on the elderly is overwhelming to them, and they seem to have no financial support. The rapid growth of population ageing in africa and the impact of hiv and aids add another dimension to the role of older persons. They also have to meet the costs of grandchildren (some of whom may be hiv positive) for whom they must now provide care (helpage international 2003; ssengonzi 2007:249; okayo 2004).

The search was limited to studies conducted in sub-saharan africa and in academic literature referring to the elderly and hiv and aids in sub-saharan africa, as well as reports written by organisations that support the cause of the elderly. Each item was examined for the purpose of describing and summarising the body of literature available on this area, read and grouped according to themes, as reported s regarding the impact of hiv and aids on the elderly were analysed and grouped according to the following themes: impact on the health of the elderly; social impact; economic impact; and psychological impact. A total of 82 documents (68 articles, 4 theses and 10 reports) referring to the impact of hiv and aids on the elderly was reviewed.

The review included full-text articles, abstracts and reports, as well as academic theses published by various specialists. Multi-sectorial collaboration and mobilisation of communities, including people living with hiv and aids, are vital for sustainable endations for health care ology and geriatric care should form an integral part of phc. Whilst the global community is preoccupied with combating the hiv and aids pandemic, particularly amongst the middle-age group, there appears to be an under-reporting of its impact on the lives of the elderly (makiwane et al.

They are also outside the target populations for hiv prevention s show that hiv and aids attack mostly the reproductive and economically active section of the population, changing family composition by decimating the young adult population and creating elderly female-headed and child-headed families (makiwane et al. Hiv and aids affects older people in two main ways: the elderly are themselves infected with hiv, making them vulnerable to many health and socio-economic challenges (waysdorf 2002:51; ramos rodriguez, baney, morales, parham & lago 2000:13), and it places a burden on them as carers since many have to care for their sick children and are often left to look after orphaned grandchildren who are also infected (rajaraman, earleb & heymann 2008:2; lalthapersad-pillay 2008:151; van dullemen 2006:101). Finally, governments should formalise the system of foster-care placements of orphans and support the elderly financially in their caring for these impacts on the elderly in two main ways: first, about 10% of the elderly are themselves infected with hiv, leading to their early death; and second, hiv and aids affect older persons as parents and/or relatives of persons infected by hiv and as care-givers.

Each of these themes is further unpacked of hiv and aids on the health of the ce suggests that hiv infection amongst the older population is on the increase, with more than 10% of hiv infection found amongst older adults (manfredi 2004:33; ramos rodriguez et al. Access to the databases was mainly via a cumulative index of nursing and allied health and health literature (cinahl) and pre-cinahl, academic search premier, cochrane library, academic, masterfile premier africa-wide: nipad, and nexus database system (http:///) that provides access to completed and current research projects in south africa, and science direct. Many governments and major international donors have therefore reacted to growing evidence of the impact of hiv and aids on households by suggesting that ‘traditional’ coping mechanisms would minimise the impact and allow households and communities to absorb the loss of members (economic commission for africa 2009).

Worst of all, the grandmothers are left without any inheritance from the deceased parents of aids orphans (alpaslan & mabutho 2007:287). The issue of the hiv and aids pandemic has generated a new focus on the changing role of the elderly in communities affected by aids. 2007, ‘hiv/aids stigma: an investigation into the perspectives and experiences of people living with hiv/aids’, masters dissertation, dept of psychology, university of western , n.

Over the last decade the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids) epidemic has had a devastating impact on older women and men, especially in sub-saharan africa; with about two million deaths recorded annually and at least 13 million children have lost one or both parents (alpaslan & mabutho 2005:276). The aim of this research is to review studies on the impact of hiv and aids on the elderly in sub-saharan african communities, and to provide systematic documentation of the challenges and impact of hiv and aids on the elderly as reported in contemporary literature. A review of the composition of households consisting of older adults in 24 countries of sub-saharan africa showed that 59% live with children and 46% with a grandchild, and that older adults are more likely to be living with double orphans (where both parent have died) in countries with high aids-related mortality (zimmer & dayton 2005: 297).