Medical literature review
I knew that concentrating on the article in my crowded, noisy laboratory would be impossible, but it also was essential to spend some time there each week consulting with my labmates on my literature research, keeping up with lab business and gossip, and retrieving my ergonomic pipettes from other peoples’ benches around the lab (they always seemed to get kidnapped as soon as i posted a “working from home” status update on facebook). N h, glasziou p, chalmers i (2010) seventy-five trials and eleven systematic reviews a day: how will we ever keep up?
How to write a medical literature review
Meta-analyses (quantitative systematic reviews) seek to answer a focused clinical question, using rigorous statistical analysis of pooled research studies. We encourage authors to review the literature and, wherever possible, rate key points of evidence.
Disease-oriented evidenceevaluating the literaturelevels of evidenceformat of the reviewchecklist for an evidence-based clinical review articlereferencestraditional clinical review articles, also known as updates, differ from systematic reviews and meta-analyses. He completed his doctorate and fellowship training at the medical university of south carolina, s correspondence to jay siwek, m.
One of the most painful things that can happen is to spend days reading and writing about a topic only to notice later that there’s a section of another review article that explores the same area, references the same set of papers and comes to the same conclusions. In the end, i finished by the deadline (well, plus one two-week extension the editor agreed to grant me) and was very happy with the product and with all i had learned about caspase substrates, about the scientific literature and about the review-writing process.
Allowing a website to create a cookie does not give that or any other site access to of your computer, and only the site that created the cookie can read washington l literature databases to atic reviews: medical literature databases to of literature review & ol and l literature databases to selection and extraction/coding/study characteristics/ing the quality/risk of citations using to document your literature should always document how you have searched each database, what keywords or index terms were used, the date on which the search was performed, how many results you retrieved, and if you use refworks to deduplicate results record how many were removed as duplicates and the final number of discrete studies you subjected to your first sift through of study selection. S pd, stewart gb, pullin as (2006) are review articles a reliable source of evidence to support conservation and environmental management?
It should touch on one or more of the following subtopics: etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation (signs and symptoms), diagnostic evaluation (history, physical examination, laboratory evaluation, and diagnostic imaging), differential diagnosis, treatment (goals, medical/surgical therapy, laboratory testing, patient education, and follow-up), prognosis, prevention, and future review will be comprehensive and balanced if it acknowledges controversies, unresolved questions, recent developments, other viewpoints, and any apparent conflicts of interest or instances of bias that might affect the strength of the evidence presented. That being said if you want to do a very quick search for existing systematic reviews on your topic, search pubmed clinical queries using simple keywords and look in the center column of results for a list of recent systematic a minimum you need to search medline, embase, and the cochrane central trials register.
They use quantitative methods to analyze the literature and seek to answer a focused clinical question, using rigorous statistical analysis of pooled research studies. Look for areas that have not yet been thoroughly reviewed or areas for which you think you have a fresh take on old data.
Was running a protein over a nickel column on a sunday evening in february 2010 when my adviser approached me about co-authoring a review article for annual review of biochemistry. My adviser is a busy guy, with a lot of papers and grants to work on, so i knew that by “co-author” he meant that i would be the main researcher and writer, getting mostly broad, guiding suggestions from him.
Use primary sources (original research, rcts, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews) as the basis for determining the level of evidence. To be honest, i was excited to have this opportunity to examine the literature in depth and to create something useful out of it.
You may need to reformat your search keywords but always follow your search might consider searching one or more of the following websites depending on your topic: - also contains study population characteristics and results data of fda regulated drugs and medical devices in nih funded studies produced after january 18, - searchable index of clinical trials, guidelines,and regulatory t controlled an clinical trials e - tracks outcome switching in clinical ials - aims to match published trials with the underlying data where this is publicly available in an open literature resources:Wonder - cdc data and - search federal government york academy of medicine (nyam) grey literature report (covers grey literature from 1999-2016. A graduate of rush medical college, chicago, she completed a residency in family medicine at the university of california, san diego, medical c.
The numbers recorded can then be used to populate the prisma flow diagram summarizing the literature the final report add as an appendix the full electronic search strategy for one database e. This article may be read as a companion piece to a previous article and accompanying editorial about reading and evaluating clinical review articles.
For writing your first scientific literature review crawford often retreated to her apartment rooftop in san francisco to write her review. Pmc3715443ten simple rules for writing a literature reviewmarco so m (2010) worsening file-drawer problem in the abstracts of natural, medical and social science databases.
Clinical review articles, also known as updates, differ from systematic reviews and meta-analyses in important ways. Disease-oriented evidenceevaluating the literaturelevels of evidenceformat of the reviewchecklist for an evidence-based clinical review articlereferencesevaluate the strength and validity of the literature that supports the discussion (see the following section, levels of evidence).
Here is another example of how to document a literature search, this time on one page of a word document, this example records a search of the medical literature for a poster on emergency department throughput. Methodsthe methods section should briefly indicate how the literature search was conducted and what major sources of evidence were used.
Find places to write where you can concentrate, and take breaks often to stretch, get a snack or even step outside for a few minutes. Shaughnessy and slawson's guide for writers of clinical review articles includes a section on information and validity traps to avoid.