Literature review on depression

Depression also predicts increased health care utilization, poorer adherence to treatment, worse patient satisfaction, and future episodes of studies that examined antidepressant treatment of pain conditions suggested that pain and depression symptoms improved simultaneously, with the caveats that most of these studies were uncontrolled, of short duration, and designed more to measure pain response. J gerontol b psychol sci soc sci 2000;55:362– hg: differences in psychosocial and health correlates of major and minor depression in medically ill older adults.

A common theory holds that depression and painful symptoms follow the same descending pathways of the central nervous system. 173 however, larger clinical trials on non–tricyclic antidepressants in patients with comorbid depression and pain are needed.

Af, griffiths km, christensen h, parslow ra, rogers b: actions taken to cope with depression at different levels of severity: a community survey. J, espehaug b, kirkevold m: the impact of depression and sense of coherence on emotional and social loneliness among nursing home residents without cognitive impairment – a questionnaire survey.

The finding that a stronger soc is associated with fewer symptoms of depression indicates that the soc may be a health-promoting factor, as proposed in the theory of salutogenesis, and that soc as a coping resource contributes to the management of stress and promotes effective coping in older people [27]. Few studies of older persons suffering from major depression and cognitive decline were found, and this also makes it difficult to conclude regarding coping and depression in these categories of elderly persons.

Momentary assessment technology as a tool to help patients with depression help themselves,” acta psychiatrica scandinavica, vol. The cross-sectional studies reported that higher total soc scores were associated with lower scores on the depression scales.

3) does the presence of pain affect depression outcomes such as functional limitations, quality of life, health care costs and utilization, and treatment efficacy? Additive impairments in social function, work function, and functional limitations (eg, limited mobility and restricted activity) are seen when depression and pain coexist.

The "typical" depression presentation in primary care is dominated by physical (somatic) complaints as opposed to psychological complaints. The prognosis of comorbid depression and pain is poor compared with the prognosis for individuals with depression without pain.

Increasing pain severity, pain that interferes with daily activities, frequent pain episodes, diffuse pain, and pain that is refractory to treatment are all associated with more depressive symptoms and more severe depression. Richards, “putting the “q” in depression qalys: a comparison of utility measurement using eq-5d and sf-6d health related quality of life measures,” social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, vol.

Body pain and treatment response in late-life depression,” the american journal of geriatric psychiatry, vol. This finding supports the results from other reviews reporting a significant relation between concepts of coping and depressive symptoms.

The association between depression and pain becomes stronger as the severity of either condition increases. J pain 2005;6:471– dg, jacobs sb: couples and chronic obstructive airway diseases: the role of gender in coping and depression.

The prevalences of pain in depressed cohorts and depression in pain cohorts are higher than when these conditions are individually examined. Often patients are referred to specialists with expertise in treating pain or expertise in treating depression rather than to a provider who is comfortable treating both.

Arthritis care res (hoboken) 2011;63:1382–-bader sh, tirmazi mt, ross-sheriff f: the impact of acculturation on depression among older muslim immigrants in the united states. Determinants in literature were those variables that were longitudinal predictors for incidence or changing of psychosocial difficulties, so consequently a causal relationship with the psds can be hypothesized.

With this background, we wanted to gain a systematic overview of this field by performing a systematic literature search. Lingering physical symptoms in patients with depression may prevent patients from achieving remission of their depression.

A, goodwin l, rayner l, shaw e, hansford p, sykes n, et al: illness perceptions, adjustment to illness, and depression in a palliative care population. M, lindstrom b: antonovsky’s sense of coherence scale and the relation with health: a systematic review.

Sions: hads was found to perform well in assessing the symptom severity and caseness of anxiety disorders and depression in both somatic, psychiatric and primary care patients and in the general : 11832252 [indexed for medline] sharepublication types, mesh termspublication typesreviewvalidation studiesmesh termsanxiety disorders/diagnosis*depressive disorder/diagnosis*humansprimary health carepsychiatric status rating scales*psychometricsreproducibility of resultssensitivity and specificitysurveys and questionnaireslinkout - more resourcesfull text sourceselsevier scienceother literature sourcescos scholar universecited by patents in - the ression - genetic allianceanxiety - genetic allianceanxiety - medlineplus health informationpubmed commons home. Pl, passmore t: avoidance of potentially traumatic stimuli mediates the relationship between accumulated lifetime trauma and late-life depression and anxiety.