Literature review on drug abuse
In 2004, the national center on addiction and substance abuse (casa)  identified 147 anchor web sites that offered sales of schedules ii – iv controlled prescription drugs without a prescription during a one-week investigation and only 10 websites that required prescription verification. To clipboardadd to collectionsorder articlesadd to my bibliographygenerate a file for use with external citation management comment in pubmed commons belowam j drug alcohol abuse. Article | pubreader | epub (beta) | pdf (74k) | of research internet and drug more than 200 million internet users in the united states and about 117 million individuals going online every week  the internet is a vital medium for communication, entertainment, and commerce.
Literature review on substance abuse
Given the diverse influences on inappropriate drug use, a mixture of the strategies mentioned earlier is needed to promote appropriate drug use among prescribers (soumerai, mclaughlin & avorn 1989, greco & eisenberg 1993, guiterrez et al 1994). The earliest press report on npws that we found was published on october 18, 2003, in the new york times  in an article describing a joint dea/fda taskforce targeting “rogue online pharmacies” that sold prescription drugs without a prescription. Similar review by ross-degnan et al (1997) of studies done in developing countries reiterates oxman's findings.
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Importance of cyberspace for the assessment of the drug abuse market: preliminary results from the psychonaut 2002 project. Importantly, all links in this online enterprise can be quickly dismantled and resurrected under a new set of virtual global marketplace and the controlled substances benefits of the internet apply equally to everyone, including individuals who commit unlawful acts such as software piracy, virus releases, identity theft, espionage, the sale of child pornography, illegal weapons, and controlled substances. Community risk and resiliency factors related to drug use of rural native hawaiian youth: an exploratory study.
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In a 2006 update to this study, casa  reported that the number of anchor sites selling schedule ii-iv controlled prescription drugs had grown to 165, while the number of sites requiring prescriptions had increased to only 20. In the study conducted by gordon, forman, and siatkowski, one hundred adult drug dependent inpatients in a private, residential treatment program participated in a semi-structured interview from 2003 to 2004 regarding how they obtained their drugs. Subsequently in 2005 and 2006 updates to the national drug control strategy, the ondcp announced that the focus of its efforts in halting prescription drug abuse would be in preventing the diversion of prescription drug through support of state-level prescription drug monitoring programs [42, 43].
For example, an npw can be physically located on a computer in uzbekistan; registered to a business address in mexico; ship its drugs from pakistan; deposit payments to a cayman island bank – while the owner resides in miami. 16] statement of ivan fong, deputy associate attorney general department of justice, before the subcommittee on oversight and investigations, committee on commerce, united states house of representatives concerning sale of prescription drugs over the internet. In fact, critics assert that the failure to recognize and appreciate the appropriate use of drugs by both the patient and the provider will undermine any positive effect that a reliable supply of drugs may have (laing 1989, hogerzeil et al 1989, who 1994, ross-degnan et al 1992).
Initial assessment of a culturally tailored substance abuse prevention program and applicability of the risk and protective model for adolescents of hawai'i. The drug enforcement administration (dea) subsequently published guidance  which specified four conditions under which legal prescriptions can be issued over the internet: a) a patient presents a medical complaint; b) a medical history is obtained; c) a physical examination is performed; and d) some logical connection exists between the medical complaint, the medical history, the physical examination, and the drug prescribed. Government health care facilities at that time were considered by the cameroonians to be under-staffed due to "frequent absences of health workers," under-supplied, "characterized by bureaucratization and poor management," and constantly short of drugs (van der geest 1987c).
Concurrently, those who claimed to use prescription drugs for both medical and nonmedical reasons were five times more likely. General accounting office (gao) conducted an investigation in which they attempted to purchase prescription drugs without a prescription. Recommendations for future treatment, prevention, and research on this subject are : 347926 [indexed for medline] sharepublication types, mesh terms, substancepublication typesresearch support, u.
A practical framework for evaluating a culturally tailored adolescent substance abuse treatment programme in molokai, hawaii. In addition, without knowing disease prevalence it is difficult to estimate the appropriateness of drug prescription, especially when considering antibiotic 1. He attributed the inappropriate use of drugs in cameroon to the poor example of formal health care in government-run health care facilities (van der geest 1982a, 1982b, 1987a, 1987b, 1987c).
Paper presented at the 2nd prevnet conference of telematics in addiction prevention, october 23rd-25th 2003, dublin – ght © 2017 · all rights reserved · drug se theme by organic themes · wordpress hosting · rss feed · log of research internet and drug more than 200 million internet users in the united states and about 117 million individuals going online every week  the internet is a vital medium for communication, entertainment, and commerce. Justice department reports [21, 22, 23] and has led to criminal investigations for non-prescription drugs such as ecstasy, gamma hydroxyl butyrate (ghb) and methamphetamines, [24, 25, 26, 27] and the illicit sale of prescription drugs online [28, 29, 30, 31, 32]. Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among asian american and pacific islander adolescents in california and hawaii.