Literature review on leadership theories
It begins with a concise overview of the meaning and concept of leadership in terms of research, theory, and practice. The purpose of this theoretical debate is to examine the wider context of leadership and its effectiveness towards improving school management.
Literature review on transformational leadership
Thus, they will perform in different types of leadership practices under different circumstances (morgeson, derue, and karam, 2010; mcgrath, 1962). However, the existence of leadership in an organization cannot be denied in terms of its role in achieving the goals and objectives of the organization (grojean, resick, dickson & smith, 2004, p.
According to this theory, the challenge and environment for every organization was different, so there was no a particular leadership or management style that can fit into all kinds of scenarios. Besides that, they always provide options for the employees and inspire the commitment of the leadership practice emphasized the effort of leaders and subordinates work as a team (woods, 2007).
Challenge the meaning of this challenge the process leadership practice was defined detail by kouzes & posner (1995). Then the definitions of leadership practices and five dimensions of leadership practices will be explained in detail.
The previous research on leadership had spur out different types of leadership theories such as great man theory, trait theory, contingency theory, behavioral theory, transactional theory, and transformational theory. Leaders play a significant role in communicates the objectives and future plans to the employees in an effective way, and in the meanwhile inspires them to work towards a shared ing to hyatt (2007), the effective leaders that commit in this leadership practice have to share their ideas with the employees.
Regardless of the various meaning and definition of leadership, it continues to be one of the most widely researched topics today. Current century, the requirement of a leader to practice well in the leadership is getting more difficult.
Team effectiveness and six essential servant leadership themes: a regression model based on items in the organizational leadership assessment. A leadership style will have a positive impact for the organization and its member when the style fulfils the requirement of the situation and expectations of the employees.
However, as there had been more researchers explored the studies of leadership theories, more research had been done on this theory in recently years (penn, 2008). Impoverished management (1,1) was identified as the worst leadership style as the leaders are not concern for both people in the organization and productivity of the organization.
The aim of this study was to identify empirical studies that explored servant leadership theory by engaging a sample population in order to assess and synthesize the mechanisms, outcomes, and impacts of servant leadership. Principles of servant-leadership in community health nursing: management issues and behaviors discovered in ethnographic research’.
Extending patterson’s servant leadership model: explaining how leaders and followers interact in a circular model. Servant leadership, procedural justice climate, service climate, employee attitudes, and organizational citizenship behavior: a cross-level investigation.
Regulatory focus as a mediator of the influence of initiating structure and servant leadership on employee behavior. The leaders that commit in this leadership have the capability to motivate and influent others through the emotional qualities.
Transactional ctional leadership suggested that there was an agreement of contract made between the leader and follower about the obligations of both parties (penn, 2008). Consequently, the leadership styles and theories that are accepted by western countries may not have the notable impact on the management styles of organizations in malaysia (lee, 2008).
According to kouzes and posner (2009), every leader that wanted to success in the leadership must commit in the five dimensions of leadership practices that mentioned earlier. According to knab (2009), leaders that perform well leadership practices have the ability to motivate and generate interest of the employees to the jobs.
Therefore, this leadership practice suggested that the leaders to constantly think the situation from different dimensions so that they can create a different and unexpected new thing that can contribute to the productivity of the organization (kouzes & posner, 2009). There were several studies found that potential leader will posses that similar straits of an effective theory had been neglected in the pass studies of leadership.
All rights l of business ethicsmarch 2013, volume 113, issue 3,Pp 377–393 | cite asa systematic literature review of servant leadership theory in organizational contextsauthorsauthors and affiliationsdenise linda parrisemail authorjon welty peacheyarticlefirst online: 22 april 2012received: 20 february 2012accepted: 08 april cta new research area linked to ethics, virtues, and morality is servant leadership. 2 leadership were several aspects of the studies of leadership practices because it compromised by different identifications and reorganization (morgeson, derue, and karam, 2010).