Literature review of solar energy

Support vector regression, ant colony and particle swarm optimization are new techniques being adopted for energy demand forecasting. The extensive review on oleds concludes that our present lighting system can be replaced with white oleds, recently developed energy saving lighting technology.

Literature review on solar energy

In this concept, this paper provides a detailed analysis of such optimum sizing approaches in the literature that can make significant contributions to wider renewable energy penetration by enhancing the system applicability in terms of economy. All rights cycle assessment (lca) and life cycle energy analysis (lcea) of buildings and the building sector: a 29, issue , january 2014, pages f.

This paper comprehensively reviews the lignocellulosic wastes to bioethanol process with a focus on pretreatment methods, their mechanisms, advantages and disadvantages as well as the combinations of different pretreatment technologies. Comprehensive review on biodiesel as an alternative energy resource and its 16, issue 4, may 2012, pages 2070-2093.

The paper also investigates the feasibility, control and energy management strategies of the two microgrid systems relying on the most current research works. All right c light emitting diodes: energy saving lighting technology - a 16, issue 5, june 2012, pages 2696-2723.

Innovative enabling technologies and systems, such as smart meters, energy controllers, communication systems, decisive to facilitate the coordination of efficiency and dr in a smart grid, are described and discussed with reference to real industrial case studies and research projects. During the last decade several new techniques are being used for energy demand management to accurately predict the future energy needs.

There are many studies about the optimization and sizing of hybrid renewable energy systems since the recent popular utilization of renewable energy sources. All rights -economic survey of organic rankine cycle (orc) 22, issue , march 2013, pages n quoilin | martijn van den broek | sébastien declaye | pierre dewallef | vincent heat conversion technologies need to be developed and improved to take advantage of the necessary increase in the supply of renewable energy.

Thus supporting policies are important to promote biodiesel research and make their prices competitive with other conventional sources of energy. In this paper an attempt is made to review the various energy demand forecasting models.

In addition, organic solar cells have their lightweight and flexibility advantage over conventional silicon-based crystalline solar cells. It also reviews phase change materials with melting temperatures above 300°c, which potentially can be used as energy storage media in these plants.

To address this problem, renewable energy especially solar energy has attracted much attention, because it directly converts solar energy into electrical power leaving no environment affect. When used for storing energy in concentrated solar thermal power plants, the solar field operation temperature will determine the pcm melting temperature selection.

In spite of high conversion rate of silicon based solar cells, the high module cost and complicated production process restricted their application solely to astronautic and aeronautic technology. In addition, various techniques employed to enhance the thermal performance of high temperature phase change thermal storage systems have been reviewed and discussed.

Similarly, most studies are carried out in urban areas, while rural areas are not well represented in the literature. All rights ellulosic biomass to bioethanol, a comprehensive review with a focus on 27, issue , august 2013, pages haghighi mood | amir hossein golfeshan | meisam tabatabaei | gholamreza salehi jouzani | gholam hassan najafi | mehdi gholami | mehdi atment technologies are aimed to increase enzyme accessibility to biomass and yields of fermentable sugars.

2012 elsevier on dye-sensitized solar cells (dsscs): fundamental concepts and novel 16, issue 8, october 2012, pages gong | jing liang | k. In this paper, various aspects of ccs are reviewed and discussed including the state of the art technologies for co 2 capture, separation, transport, storage, leakage, monitoring, and life cycle analysis.

Review of energy storage technologies for wind power 16, issue 4, may 2012, pages sco díaz-gonzález | andreas sumper | oriol gomis-bellmunt | roberto villafá to the stochastic nature of wind, electric power generated by wind turbines is highly erratic and may affect both the power quality and the planning of power systems. The main objectives of the article are the introduction of the operating principles, as well as the presentation of the main characteristics of energy storage technologies suitable for stationary applications, and the definition and discussion of potential ess applications in wind power, according to an extensive literature review.

This paper reviews recently developed models for solving this problem, which include elaborate and simplified engineering methods, statistical methods and artificial intelligence methods. Combining these renewable energy sources with back-up units to form a hybrid system can provide a more economic, environment friendly and reliable supply of electricity in all load demand conditions compared to single-use of such systems.

This review paper summarizes the major nutrient components of different wastewater streams, the mechanisms of algal nutrient uptake, nutrient removal performance of various species of microalgae when cultured in wastewater, and current microalgae production systems. Cabeza | lídia rincón | virginia vilariño | gabriel pérez | albert review summarizes and organizes the literature on life cycle assessment (lca), life cycle energy analysis (lcea) and life cycle cost analysis (lcca) studies carried out for environmental evaluation of buildings and building related industry and sector (including construction products, construction systems, buildings, and civil engineering constructions).