Literature review on sustainable development
The business world, sustainability was introduced by the concept of sustainable management, specifically in how companies produce their products and services, maintain and improve human and natural resources, according to the approach by authors isaksson and steimle (2009), fauzi et al. Conclude that the field of sustainability is emerging, characterized by a wide variety of subjects from different areas and with different frameworks. And the situation has not improved so far, it remains a popular and brilliant slogan (slimane, 2012).
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Literature review on agriculture and sustainable development
2005) indicate that the sudden and massive involvement of large companies in the sustainability discourse raises some contradictory debates: it is a new discourse to speak of things that companies were already doing previously in social and environmental protection; companies always exercised their responsibility towards society; and, finally, the positioning of companies is a mechanical response to a number of external pressures (new social and environmental regulations, criticizing from the civil society, etc. Environmental sustainability is defined as the dematerialization of economic activity, since a decrease in material processing can reduce the pressure on natural systems and expand the provision of environmental services to the economy. Because the values, politics and our understanding of the earth and its systems will evolve, and the notions of what is sustainable will never be static (prugh; assadourian, 2003).
This is not a call to abandon environmental science, but a suggestion for its practitioners to work alongside social scientists in order to explore how residents interpret and incorporate concerns of the places in which they live and the world around them (vallance et al. And, in the last selection, the bibliographic portfolio for content analysis totaled 103 articles with total text alignment, freely available in the , we proceeded to read the full content of the articles. Thus, the first step is to recognize them and develop ways to try to solve them (huesemann, 2004).
Until the early 1990s, sd was a part of development studies, environmental, urban and regional planning, human impact on the use of land resources (renewable and finite), environmental changes (tolba, 1984; tisdell, 1988; stedman; hill, 1992; redclift, 1992; solow, 1993; ayres, 1996). In turn, almost all published definitions of the concept of sd are based on principles of sustainability, for example, long-term perspective, fundamental importance of local conditions, understanding the nonlinear evolution of environmental and human systems (moldan et al. There is an inconsistent interpretation and application, high degree of ambiguity of the concept, including an incomplete understanding of the problems of poverty, environmental degradation and the role of economic growth (lélé, 1991; mori; christodoulou, 2012; slimane, 2012).
As the debate on sustainability becomes more widespread and socially complex, more is being appropriated by different social forces that start to define the meaning that best expresses their values and interests (lima, 2003). On the contrary, the important thing are the factors that influence the evolution of society, so that it maintains characteristics that are considered desirable to the current and future well-being (silva neto; basso, 2010). It is so broad and generally applicable that its vagueness makes it dead and open to conflicting interpretations (dovers; handmer, 1992).
The brundtland report (wced, 1987) explains the same term simply as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". This is due to the fact that sustainability is used to describe the processes and activities (for example, sustainable finance, sustainable business, among others). Essence, sd is multi-dimensional, incorporating different aspects of society, seeking environmental protection and maintenance of natural capital to achieve economic prosperity and equity for present and future generations (kelly et al.
Has been defined from a long historical process, as well as the awareness of environmental problems, economic crises and social inequalities. In this context, this study analyzed the sustainability theme, mapping significant works on the subject, characterizing and identifying nability is characterized as a principle applicable to systems. The many debates associated with sustainability, many studies turn to the operationalization by means of indicators and indices.
Open systems, to interact with society and nature, involving industrial systems (transportation, manufacturing, energy etc. Growing interest in sustainability (or sd) and, more recently, the approaches regarding strategies, cleaner production, pollution control, eco-efficiency, environmental management, social responsibility, industrial ecology, ethical investments, green economy, eco-design, reuse, sustainable consumption, zero waste (glavi; lukman, 2007), among many other approaches depend on the field of application (engineering, economics, management, ecology, etc. This is due to the support of international agencies such as the united nations conference on environment in 1972, the brundtland commission with the brundtland report in 1987, the montreal protocol in ic initiatives gain strength with debates about what is sd and sustainability (lélé, 1991; mitcham, 1995; mebratu, 1998; parris; kates 2003).
This is, therefore a second perspective, different from the first: sd is the goal to be achieved and sustainability is the process to achieve less of the two perspectives, this research turns to sustainability. But there seems to be a consensus on the challenges of sustainability: integrating economy, environment and society, as well as institutional issues; considering the consequences of the actions of the present in the future; awareness and involvement of terms of development, it does not mean that society should reach a certain specific state or follow a particular path. That is, sustainability involves an interaction with dynamic systems that are constantly changing and require proactive this research, few works that meet pro-activity were found, amongst them: analysis of the dynamic behavior in complex and ecological systems (cabezas; fath, 2002); use of forecasting in sustainability (linton; yeomans, 2002); development of strategies for sustainability (marshall; brown, 2003; moore; manring, 2009); green engineering projects (anastas, 2003); environmental requirements (são-josé et al.
To main contentuc berkeleyescholarship at …uc berkeleyuc davisuc irvineuclauc merceduc riversideuc san diegoucsfuc santa barbarauc santa cruzuc office of the presidentlawrence berkeley national laboratoryuc agriculture & natural resourcesinstitute of urban and regional developmentdepositmanagesubmissionsmenudownload pdfmainpdfcitationendnoteshareemailfacebooktwittersustainable urban development: a literature review and analysis1996wheeler, stephenet al. It is no coincidence that the concepts of sustainability and sd are still poorly understood (dovers; handmer, 1992), and in many cases, are treated as synonyms. Now the sustainable extreme, opposing the financial end, aims at the long term, the development of internal abilities, the concern with the social management of employees and the concern with the ecological impact given the activities of the organization.