Literature review online
Four studies were purely quantitative with all employing standard surveys either sent via campus mail, regular mail or on an online website (bonk, 2001; chizmar & williams; 2001; lee, 2001; wilson, 1998). In response, many traditional institutions have also adopted online degree programs as part of their strategic direction. If you have limited time to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone.
This includes concerns about the lack of systems reliability and access to the online courseware as well as inadequate infrastructure, hardware, and software. And depending on the situation, the literature review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or how is a literature review different from an academic research paper? Therefore further research should be done to answer the following questions: what are administrators' perceptions of motivating and inhibiting factors for faculty participation in online teaching?
Seven of the thirteen studies, the participants included faculty who taught online courses or programs (berge, 1998; chizmar & williams, 2001; dooley & murphrey, 2000; lee, 2001; mckenzie, et al, 2000; parisot, 1997; wilson, 1998). Another concern regards fully understanding distance education and what subject areas are most appropriate for an online environment (berge, 1998; betts, 1998). For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her field.
Faculty are interested in online collaboration opportunities with faculty from other institutions and would welcome the institution's support of this type of collaboration (dooley & murphrey, 2000). Once higher education administrators are aware of the motivators and inhibitors of faculty participation in distance education, how do they support and motivate faculty to teach online? Under this method, you would combine the recent studies on american whaling in the 19th century with moby dick itself in the 1800-1899 category, even though the authors wrote a century ic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time.
But if you find yourself wanting to put in more quotes, check with your ize and er to summarize and synthesize your sources within each paragraph as well as throughout the review. In less than half (betts, 1998; dooley & murphrey, 2000; lee, 2001; rockwell et al, 1999; schifter, 2000) of the thirteen studies reviewed, administrators' voices were represented through survey and short answer responses. Literature review may not have a traditional thesis statement (one that makes an argument), but you do need to tell readers what to expect.
Despite the increasing interest in pursuing an online degree toward obtaining additional credentials, the economic climate causes students to place a high premium on whether online degrees translate into jobs or careers. The majority of factors that are barriers to teaching online are found in the areas of administrative and technical support. The results provided an extensive list of motivating and inhibiting factors for faculty participation in online teaching but additional descriptive information was not included.
Increasingly, they select online degrees to reach that goal with the expectation of a sound return on investment. The national center for education statistics (2003) states that 90 percent of public four-year institutions provide online bachelor degrees (as cited in adams & eveland, 2007). And future majority of the data gathered from the studies in this literature review were done so via survey a quantitative method of data collection.
Further, results from continued scholarly work could help illuminate and mobilize higher education leadership and administration to make better-informed decisions regarding funding, managing, and evaluating the effectiveness and public perceptions of online , j. Some faculty stated that teaching via distance learning added to their overall job satisfaction (betts, 1998; schifter, 2000) and that teaching online provided optimal working conditions, as they were able to teach at any time and from any place. Faculty note the importance of the institution in providing training in how to effectively teach online (bonk, 2001) and to respect the decisions of faculty in deciding what are the most appropriate subjects or courses to teach via the medium.
In selecting literature to review, the author attempted to review research that was relatively current and no older than 10 years. Therefore, additional studies to determine whether hiring an online degree recipient actually takes place and specifically in what industry and the level of degree attainment would add to the knowledge per, trade magazines, online journals, websites, and y countering some of these empirical studies are the vast quantity of popular media and articles supporting online degrees as viable options, but also informing potential consumers of the risks associated with these educational options. You can simply put the word “review” in your search engine along with your other topic terms to find articles of this type on the internet or in an electronic database.
She suggests that, even with the increase of online degrees and students and nearly a decade of research, perceptions still exist in the hiring process that traditional degrees are superior to online degrees, although hybrids are gaining acceptability. While some analysts and scholars call for measures such as censorship, others argue that softer approaches, such as creating online so-called ‘counter-narratives’ and educating internet users, would be more effective. The focus of a literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new do we write literature reviews?