Review of literature on child labour
Out from schooling completely to participate in the labour ashi and psacharopoulos (1999) found a positive effect of 's education and the availability of schools on ance of girls in tanzania. Back to resources searchchild labour, education, and health: a review of the literatureby peter dorman in ad pdf (836 kb)summarythis ilo paper reviews the rapidly-expanding literature on the relationships between child labour, education and health.
Literature review on child labour
Rosenzweig, mark and evenson (1977) “fertility, schooling and the economic contributions of children in rural india: an econometric analysis”, econometrica, vol 45 (5). Also, as it is a widely held view that work reduces the ble for schooling by competing for the child's time with atives of schooling and leisure, it is therefore important to r child labour helps or hurts the accumulation of human capital en.
Evidence seems to support the view that although some help children to acquire human capital (in the form of ng, and the money earned from child labour makes school children themselves), in general, child labour lowers ition of education and human capital. Admassie and bedi detected ear relationship between the hours of work and the ance/reading and writing ability (rwa) of children.
Similarly, ia, akabayashi and psacharopoulos (1999) revealed that in a lower school concentration children worked longer ore, poor school facilities, poor quality of education, and costly travel to school make it difficult even for the olds to send the children to school. Uction of compulsory schooling in a given period and on from adults to elderly people in the following period could effective strategy to eradicate child labour.
Child labour and school achievementwhile most of the studies on the consequences of child labour ing have paid attention to school enrolment or attendance, only studies (see for example, heady 2003; psacharopoulos 1997; bedi 2003; gunnarsson et al. Burra, n (1995) born to work, oup, new rajah, s and coulombe, h (1997) “child labour and schooling in ghana”, policy research working paper no.
To available national surveys, from 50 per cent to 70 per working children combine schooling with child labour (ilo/unicef. Vlassoff, m (1977) “labour demand and economic utility of children: a case study in rural india”, population studies, vol.
Schooling creates s that have effects on children; on the other hand the cost ion is incurred in the short-term and will be borne by cost of schooling may vary substantially between countries countries. Lower school enrolment ance may not represent the real consequences of child labour,Because these are simply indicators of time inputs for schooling, ng outcomes.
The results suggested that both economic and s are responsible for the choice between school attendance labour. Sumobrain solutions labour and schooling in developing countries: of the paper shows that there is a trade-off between child labour ing.
Therefore, ded that children who worked as well as attending school lves as being less able to learn as a result of exhaustion or of time to complete homework or a diversion of interest away ic ing the household survey data from two latin ies, bolivia and venezuela, psacharopoulos (1997) concluded g children have three times more likely to fail a grade in found that child labour reduces the educational attainment by years of schooling for working children, relative to the en. Child labour could harm school achievement g school enrolment and even school attendance, which is reducing the leisure of a child.
Therefore, it has that an increase in the supply of education is not enough school enrolment; the demand side of education should also ds: child labour, school attendance, school achievement,Costs of education and benefits of ial marketsdeveloping countriescost benefit : international journal of business research publisher: international academy of business and economics audience: academic format: magazine/journal subject: business, international copyright: copyright 2010 international academy of business and economics issn: : july, 2010 source volume: 10 source issue: er subject: cost benefit phic code: 0deve developing countries. Chaudhri, d p (1996) a dynamic profile of child labour in india: 1951-91, ilo-clasp, new delhi.
Basu, k (1999) “child labour: cause, consequence, and cure with remarks on international labour standards”, journal of economic literature, vol. 111-131 grooteart, c and kanbur, r (1995) “child labour: an economics perspective”, international labour review, vol.
Jodha, ns and singh, rp (1991) “child labour in dry land agriculture in india”, in ramesh kanbargi (ed) child labour in the indian subcontinent: dimensions and implications, sage, new delhi. The cost of education is also found to be a r to school enrolment and completion for egyptian children (datt,Jolliffe and sharma 1997).
Introductionmost of the literature on child labour has discussed the issue labour in connection with education. More siblings in the household make le for female children to avoid household chores and find time school.
Households incur direct costs (such as n, books and supplies and school uniforms) and indirect costs unity costs (such as time spent in the classroom, travel time, work at home) from enrolling a child in school. Brezis, elise s (2001) “long-run growth and demographic transition: social classes, demographic transition and economic growth”, european economic review, 45, 707-17.
2003 and rosatti and rossi 2003, ross 2008) have examined the effect of child labour on ement or cognitive attainment. On the other hand, even t families can send their children to school in areas where y free education is offered (grimsrud 2001, p.